c.-34800 DR: Sarrukh clans outcast from Okoth found Mhairshaulk on the Chultan Peninsula.
c. -33500 DR: Sarrukh-ruled Mhairshaulk declines gradually, sinking slowly into somnolence. The empire becomes the domain of the yuan-ti.
c.-24800 DR: Winged serpents known as couatl arrived in secret from a continent far to the west.
Yuan-ti ruled Mhairshaulk collapses under the repeated assaults of winged wyrms.
c. -13500 DR: Firenewts begin to appear in the Firelands beneath Chult.
c. -9000 DR: The drow of Telantiwar overwhelm the dwarves of Bhaerynden. A number of surviving gold dwarves migrate west eventually settling in the jungles of Chult and becoming the Dur Authalar (wild dwarves).
c. -8150 DR: Surviving dwarves of Alatorin isolated from the rest of Shanatar migrate south and west, eventually settling in the mountains of western Chult where they become an albino variation of shield dwarf.
-3500 DR to -3000 DR: The couatl population declines precipitously in the Chultan Peninsula.
c. -3000 DR: Couatls seek out a new protector for the Chultan Peninsula.
-2809 DR: The Eshowe, Tabaxi, Thinguth, and other tribes arrive in the jungles of Chult after a great oceanic migration. The tribes encounter Ubtao in the Peaks of Flame.
Long enslaved human tribes (known as the Lapal) of the eastern jungle rebel against their serpentine masters.
The central jungles of the Sanrach and Thindol Basins are settled by the Thinguth tribe.
-2637 DR: Mezro is founded.
-1732 DR: The Lapal tribes rebel against their yuan-ti masters and flee to the south eastern shore of the Shining Sea and the lands of Halruaa.
After the Lapal tribes escape, the serpentfolk import large numbers of lizardfolk slaves from the Great Swamp of Rethild. Upon reaching the shores of the Lapal Sea, many of these lizardfolk either escaped or were released into the territory claimed by the Thinguth humans.
c. -1050 DR: With great advances in shipbuilding technology, the Imperial Navy of Calimshan rules the Shining Sea and the Lake of Steam. Infrequent, tentative trade begins with Chult and the Tashalar.
c. -870 DR: After some decades of increased travel and colonisation, Calimshan opens full, regular trade with Chult and the Tashalar.
-690 DR: Year of Fragile Beginnings: Renewed attacks by the yuan-ti of Serpentes cause the Lapal tribes to band together to form the nation of Lapaliiya, with Sheirtalar as its capital.
-653 DR: Year of Reverent Threnody: The Barae Kyuss and his followers leave Mezro for the Chultengar and establish the city of Kuluth-Mar.
-569 DR: Year of Silken Sabres: Calishite trading ships laden with unknown luxuries dock at Sheirtalar for the first time. This event ushered in an era of trade and prosperity along the shores of the Shining Sea. Lapal tribal encampments soon become cities.
-553 DR: Year of Plentiful Wine: Tashluta and the Tashalar are settled by Lapal field hands and Calishite merchants.
-483 DR: Year of Closed Gates: The city of Kuluth-Mar is left abandoned after Kyuss sacrifices the entire population to fuel his bid for apotheosis. A coalition of chultans, wild dwarves, and aarakocra (all secretly led by couatl) defeat Kyuss and imprison him within a great monolith.
-483 DR to -122 DR: War breaks out between the Tabaxi and Eshowe tribes.
-375 DR: Year of the Clutching Dusk: The Empire Plague strikes Calimshan and swiftly spreads to Tashalar (where it claims 30% of the population), and Chult (where it left a number of isolated ports devoid of life).
-373 DR: Year of Whispering Stones: Lhesper is founded by Lapal refugees fleeing the Empire Plague that had beset Lapaliiya two years before.
-320 DR: Year of Netted Dreams: The Hss’tafi tribe of yuan-ti vanish from their holdings in the Chultengar. The Sauringar tribe quickly move in to claim the abandoned holdings of their former rivals.
-304 DR: Year of Erupting Crypts: The serpent god Sseth, an avatar of Merrshaulk, founds the yuan-ti empire of Serpentes amid the ruins of the ancient sarrukh empire of Mhairshaulk. Serpentes immediately begins to wage war against the humans of Lapaliiya, weakened by the Empire Plague.
-289 DR: Year of Shattered Havens: The Thinguth are enslaved by the yuan-ti of the Sseradess and Sauringar tribes and dispersed across all of greater Thindol, which at this time includes lands now claimed by Samarach.
-189 DR: Year of Sunned Serpents: The lizardfolk/yuan-ti armies of Serpentes complete their conquest of the Tashalar, eventually conquering all the settlements except Ormpur. Most of the wealthy Calishite expatriates flee back to their native land.
-186 DR: Year of the Quiet Horde: The armies of Serpentes battle the beleaguered defenders of Lapaliiya.
-137 DR: Mezro is sacked.
-125 DR: Year of Banished Wisdom: Hetel Hastalhorn, a prominent Halruaan archmage, founds Mhairhetel, now known as the City of Renegades, in the southern tip of the Mhair Jungles.
10 DR: Year of Dreams: The realm of Serpentes goes into rapid decline when its emperor Sseth vanishes beneath the Peaks of Flame. The once-allied yuan-ti tribes begin to feud over the succession.
Ss’inthee’ssaree, capital city of Serpentes, falls into ruin.
10 DR to 20 DR: During this time, Tashalarans overthrow their yuan-ti satrap and drive the Se’Sehen tribe from the Tashalar.
16 DR: Year of Distant Thunder: Procalith is founded in Tashalar.
29 DR: Year of Carved Cliffs: Narubel; City of Seasnakes, is founded by Tashlutan merchants seeking to plunder the jungles of Chult.
34 DR: Year of Purloined Power: The Oligarchs of Tashluta proclaim the Confederation of Tashtan and claim dominion from the town of Narubel to the Sheir Peninsula, plus all the Shining Sea coastal lands in between.
With the decline of Serpentes, the humans of the Tashalar succeed in driving off the yuan-ti of the Se’Sehen tribe and after a ten-year war proclaim the Confederation of Tashtan. They claim dominion from the town of Narubel to the Sheir Peninsula, plus all the Shining Sea coastal lands in between including Lapaliiya. The diverse humans living in these areas become known collectively as the Tashalans.
102 DR: Year of the Ormage: The settlement of Ilyaport is founded in Lapaliiya.
276 DR: Year of the Burnished Blade: The Magister Ergrith Klavulgrun, known as “The Kingslayer,” begins slaughtering merchant lords of Tashalaran cities and neighbouring realms.
285 DR: Year of Wasteful Pride: The Shoon Imperium seizes control of Lapaliiya, though the region’s cities remain effectively independent during the reign of Q ysara Shoon V.
A failed uprising in Untisczer leads the Shoon Imperium to launch the long-planned Tashalar Campaigns. After destroying Untisczer in a show of imperial might, the qysara’s troops quickly install military governors in every city along the Tashtan coast.
Anthilar, the legendary Archmage of Untisczer, flees the destruction of his city by the Shoon Imperium and flees to a secret lair in the mountains west of the Tashan Gap. There he becomes a lich, working in secret to control the merchants of Tashluta.
The reach of the Shoon Imperium extends westward into the savage land of Thindol. Conflicts with the lizardfolk of the region sharply reduce their number on the central Chultan Peninsula.
293 DR: Year of Hounds: The Thinguth are liberated when soldiers of the Shoon Empire defeat the lizardfolk tribes and drive the Sauringar tribe out of Samarach.
300 DR: Year of the Late Sun: By the death of Qysara Shoon V, Shoon satraps rule greater Thindol, the Tashalar, the cities of Lapaliiya, and all the major settlements of the Shaar as far east as the Landrise.
336 DR: Year of the Whipped Cur: A Halruaan wizard named Labrand comes into possession of the Crown of the Mountain. Labrand uses the ancient artefact to carve a subterranean waterway from the tip of Cape Talath to the head of the Thingulph in Thindol.
450 DR: Year of the Corrie Fist: The death of Qysar Amahl VII on Midwinter and the subsequent fall of the Imperium leaves numerous folks scrambling for control of the swiftly dissolving power structures. More than seventy-five pashas, vizars, sultans, and other nobles slay each other in massive wars in the streets of every major Calishite city to see who would claim the power from the fallen qysar’s throne.
A quick death for the reigning viceroy of Tashluta and his haughty Shoon wife marks the Tashalans’ return to independence.
The Thindolese achieve independence for the first time in centuries, albeit under the subtle influence of yuan-ti agents who had infiltrated the ruling corridors of power.
451 DR: Year of Unleashed Fears: The last of the Shoonach imperial garrisons are driven from the Chultan Peninsula and the Shaar.
502 DR: Year of the Crawling Vine: The Rundeen, a Tashlutan merchant consortium, establishes a monopoly on all trade entering or leaving the ports in Calimshan and the Chultan Peninsula, as well as on slave trade along the southern shores of the Shining Sea.
572 DR: Year of Writhing Darkness: Deep-digging Thindolese miners break through to the Underdark region known as the Firelands. In the centuries since, firenewt marauders and salamanders from the Burning Rift have plagued the mines of Selgol.
605 DR: Year of Many Serpents: The people of Thindol on the Chultan Peninsula unmask a host of yuan-ti infiltrators in their midst, leading to months of anarchy as the serpentfolk are rooted out and slain. The citizens of western Thindol, alarmed at events, marshal a great flotilla of ships and sail for the fabled isle of Nimbral, but a great storm wrecks much of the fleet against the Beacon Rocks. Seeing their plight and moved at their entreaties for aid, Lord Samar of Nimbral, a mighty archmage, agrees to return with them to their homes and battle the yuan-ti.
The Sauringar tribe of yuan-ti are driven from the Samarach Basin.
606 DR: Year of the Kindly Lich: The western Thindolese, with the aid of Lord Samar and Nimbral, drive the yuan-ti from their Sanrach Basin home. After the yuan-ti are defeated, Samar cloaks the mountain passes and roads to the realm in veils of illusion, protecting the region from further infiltration by the serpentfolk. In time, the western Thindolese begin calling their isolated land Samarach in honour of their saviour and consider themselves a vassal state of distant Nimbral. The eastern Thindolese retain the name of Thindol for their realm and are ruled by a council of cities.
640 DR: Year of the Fanged Beast: The Cult of Yeenoghu rises to prominence among the gnolls of the Shaar, who begin raiding the towns around Lake Lhespen.
656 DR: Year of Peaceful Seas: The cities of Lapaliiya unify and form the Lapal League in response to increased gnoll attacks from the Shaar. Once again, Sheirtalar is named its capital.
671 DR: Year of the Shrouded Slayer: Outbreak of internal strife among the Shaaran gnolls. Gnoll raids against the Lapal League diminish significantly.
701 DR: Year of the White Jonquil: Many lycanthropes leave Calimport after the full moons of Tarsakh and Mirtul to spread their lycanthropy to the Tashalar and the Shaar. To the present day, it is unknown what drew so many lycanthropes together into Calimport for these two summer months, though some remain below in Calimport Muzad.
709 DR: Year of Earnest Oaths: Hin begin disappearing inside the Southern Lluirwood. Unbeknownst to them, the yuan-ti are using a portal to abduct halflings and take them to the Black Jungles for experimentation.
863 DR: Year of the Wondrous Sea: Mezro is hidden by magic. In its absence new cities such as Omu rise to dominance in Chult.
1056 DR: Year of the Laughing Dead: Anthilar the lich reappears in Tashluta and unmasks the oligarch as a yuan-ti abomination in disguise. The resulting spell battle slays the oligarch and incapacitates Anthilar (he is subsequently imprisoned and shipped north in a sealed coffin.
1104 DR: Year of the Dark Dawn: Noted explorer Lord Vanrak Moonstar returns to Waterdeep from a disastrous expedition to the Black Jungles in Chult.
1142 DR: Year of Sword’s Oath:Rage of Wizards: After centuries of somnolence, the pureblood yuan-ti arcane spellcasters of the Coiled Cabal attempt to take Sammaresh as the first stage of a plan to reconquer the Cities of the Seabreeze. Two dozen Tashlutan and Lapaliiyan archmages engage the yuan-ti in a season-long orgy of spellbattles along the Tashtan Coast. This so-called Rage of Wizards inflicted wanton destruction on the cities of Lapaliiya and the Tashalar, destroying the city of Procalith.
Distaste over the events of the Rage of Wizards elevates the respect with which Lapaliiyans treat the clergy, leading to the rise of civic faiths.
1147 DR: Year of the Glad Tidings: A union of the ruling houses of Sheirtalar and Lushpool leads to the installation of Haliim, the first Overking of Lapaliiya.
1260 DR: Year of the Broken Blade: Lapaliiya attempts to invade Halruaa through the Talath Pass and is repulsed.
1280 DR: The armies of Zalkore conquer much of southern Chult.
1290 DR: Zalkore is transformed into a medusa and exiled from Omu. Plagues and slave uprisings strike Omu with increasing regularity, causing the eventual collapse of the empire.
1306 DR: Year of Thunder: Chansreena (Princess) Maerildarraine of Lapaliiya, foster daughter of High Suikh (King) Askulder, slays her father, who was known as the Hand of Tiamat. After proclaiming herself queen, she orders her knights to set the royal temple of the Dragon Queen afire.
1340 DR: Queen Napaka is crowned ruler of Omu
1349 DR: Year of the Bridle: The Harpers succeed in breaking the Rundeen trade monopoly in Chult and disrupting their activities in Calimshan after slaying three Rundeen leaders and nearly fifty lesser agents.
1357 DR: Year of the Prince: The Chansreena (Princess) Alabhansree Alanasker disappears from Ormpur, along with a large quantity of saffron and many magical blades, while travelling with her lover, the pirate Cairak Redbeard, to the Moonshaes.
— Shaliim, the Prince Royal of Lapaliiya, and his adventuring band of Waterdhavian wildblades escape capture by a band of black dragons.